By Stacy Fang-Ching Teng
The Puyuma humans stay in southeastern Taiwan in Taitung urban and Peinan Township in Taitung County . There are nonetheless fourteen extant Formosan (Austronesian) languages in Taiwan , yet merely 13 indigenous teams are formally known by means of the Taiwanese executive. the current learn investigates the Nanwang dialect of the Puyuma language, spoken by way of the folks in Nanwang and Paoshang Suburbs of Taitung urban in southern Taiwan .The target of this grammar is to explain the phonology and morphosyntax of Puyuma. The paintings is descriptive in nature, and the theoretical framework hired is uncomplicated Linguistic thought (BLT), following Dixon (1994, 1997) and Dryer (2006). BLT emphasis es the necessity to describe every one language in its personal phrases, instead of impos ing on it options derived from different languages . therefore, during this research, the writer abandons conventional phrases utilized by linguists learning Philippine-type languages, corresponding to 'agent focus', 'patient focus', 'locative focus', or 'instrumental focus', and replaces them with the phrases like 'transitive' and 'intransitive' which are extra everyday to many of the world's linguists.
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Additional info for A reference grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian language of Taiwan
They run a traditional dancing group, and almost every day, they have people of different ages coming to practice traditional dancing. They also offer classrooms for mother tongue classes. Staying with them, I observed how Puyuma is used in the family and in the community. I collected many texts with the help of my informants. Some texts were recorded during community meetings or traditional rituals. My recordings were intended to include as many different genres as possible, but because Puyuma is not very actively spoken in the communities and in the families, it is inevitable that most texts are narratives.
Me- / __ [+sonorant] ! / elsewhere5 Thus, if the verb begins with a glottal stop and we did not consider the glottal stop as a phoneme, we will have an incorrect derivation. Take ’etim “to stew” as an example. We will derive its intransitive/actor voice form wrongly as *m-etim instead of the correct form ’etim. Also, if the verb ends with a glottal stop and we ignore it, we will pronounce its transitive/undergoer voice form wrongly. 1). 2. 3 In Nanwang dialect, most speakers are not aware of its existence.
The high back rounded vowel /u/ is realised as a mid rounded vowel [o] when the following consonant is a velar nasal: /u/ ! [o] / __ [+velar, +nasal] Thus, gung “ox” is pronounced as [go%], and Lutung [#uto%]. 3 Phonotactics This section shows the surface phonotactic combinations in Nanwang Puyuma. 5 are created by looking at Lin’s (1984) material and my own fieldnotes. Combinations marked in grey (both light and dark gray) 6 are combinations not found in Lin (1984). Lin (1984) reports that the gaps such as /gi/, /eT/, /id/, /ig/, /ag/, and /eg/ might just be an accident.