By Rochelle Gatlin
Ebook by way of Gatlin, Rochelle
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Extra resources for American Women Since 1945
After 1957 the birth rate began to decline again, but even during the years of the post-war 'baby boom' the long-term trend towards smaller-sized families was not totally reversed. Rather than bearing many children, more women were having two or three instead of one or none. They also shortened the interval between children. By marrying young, entering motherhood quickly, and shortening the interval between successive children, women were still completing their child-bearing by the time they were 30.
1 per cent of all professionaltechnical workers. 1 per cent of the lawyers and judges, and 6 per cent of the physicians and osteopaths were female. 6 per cent of engineers and 4. 7 per cent of lawyers/judges. 9 per cent, 98 per cent of the registered nurses were women. 14 Both in 1964 when women comprised 78 per cent of those in health service and in 1976 when they reached 80 per cent, the female jobs were low in the industry's hierarchy. Physicians, hospital administrators, insurance company directors, government regulators and medical school educators remained predominantly male.
Some increase in delinquent behaviour was found among middle-class, male adolescents, while younger boys hearne more withdrawn and passive. The findings on marital relationships revealed some strain, but this varied according to economic level. Since wives went to work in lower-income families out of financial necessity, conflicts among these couples centred around money. In families with higher incomes, husbands and wives quarrelled more about marital roles. When wives and husbands both worked, some shift in family power structure became inevitable.