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Additional info for Best Practices for Photovoltaic Household Electrification Programs: Lessons from Experiences in Selected Countries (World Bank Technical Paper)
Thirteen small businesses have sold over 2,000 systems throughout the country. 1 Electricity provides services such as lighting, power for agriculture and industry, water pumping, refrigeration, telecommunications, and entertainment. The most familiar delivery mechanism for electricity is the conventional power grid which consists of generation facilities, long-distance transmission lines, and local distribution equipment. Other energy sources such as PV systems, batteries, diesel engines, kerosene or gas lighting, candles, wood, agricultural residues, or animal power have a role to play in rural energy service provision.
15. Consumer Awareness. User education is essential for PV program success. Information and training in simple maintenance and safe operating procedures should be targeted to those persons in the households who will have primary responsibility for the system. Users need to understand that good operating practices minimize recurring costs and enhance battery life. Page xv The Role of Governments and Donors 16. Grid-based electricity has only been the mainstay of rural electrification efforts. However, the increasingly high cost of serving isolated and remote communities burdens government budgets.
On the other hand, import barriers to support domestic production will increase the prices and reduce demand. 50/Wp. Indonesia's low duties on PV module imports have resulted in relatively low unit costs. Duties and Taxes. Duties and taxes significantly increase the cost of solar home systems. Reducing or eliminating these fees can help make systems more affordable. 7 At present, varying degrees of backward integration in solar home system production are occurring in developing countries. These range from the importation of complete systems to in-country production of all components, including the PV array.