Beyond borders : a concise history of Mexican migration to by Timothy J Henderson

By Timothy J Henderson

Content material: record of Figures. sequence Editor's Preface. Acknowledgments. creation. 1. Beginnings: 1848-1920. 2. limit, melancholy, and Deportation: The Twenties and Nineteen Thirties. three. The Bracero period: 1942-1964. four. unlawful Immigration and reaction: 1964-1990. five. unfastened alternate and native land protection: 1990-Present. Epilogue and end

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Organized labor remained a leading voice calling for restriction, especially since the AFL planned a major organizing drive in the Southwest in early 1925, which would likely be imperiled by continued high levels of migration from Mexico. The AFL experimented with diplomacy as a means to curtail immigration, working with its Mexican counterpart, the Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers (CROM). AFL leaders tried to persuade CROM leaders to press the Mexican government to take strenuous measures to discourage the emigration of Mexican citizens to the United States.

Some people reverted to the primitive, hunting small game or gathering edible weeds and herbs. Others moved to the cities in hopes of finding work, while many others headed north to take advantage of the wartime boom in the United States. Even when peace returned to the center-north region, landowners had little capital to spend, and they were in any case loathe to spend what they had in a climate of such uncertainty, where their lands might at any time be invaded by squatters or seized by the government.

And they prevailed, pushing through a proviso in the law that allowed the Secretary of Labor to set aside the law’s provisions if, upon investigation, he became convinced that a labor shortage was Beginnings 31 imminent in any given sector of the economy. On May 23, 1917, Secretary of Labor William B. Wilson specifically exempted temporary workers from Mexico from the provisions of the 1917 Act, and in the summer of 1918 he extended this waiver to Mexicans working in construction, mining, railroads, and factories.

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